News (Page 3)

Bronchial Asthma during Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

We treat our school of health with great responsibility. We want to provide all people with the information in equal parts. Physiological changes occurring during pregnancy can cause both worsening and improvement in the asthma course. Pregnancy can act as an independent factor in the onset of asthma. Pregnancy can affect the course of asthma, and asthma itself can affect pregnancy. Basic principles for the treatment of pregnant and lactating…

Basic Therapy of Bronchial Asthma

As an emergency medicine applied to demand, it is better to use aerosols containing fast-acting bronchodilators (salbutamol, berodual). As therapeutic, anti-inflammatory drugs inhaled corticosteroids are used. They are basic, i.e. the main means for the treatment of asthma, which effectively suppress bronchial allergic inflammation. Just one bronchodilator does not treat asthma, it only dilates the bronchi, but the inflammation in the bronchi remains. Hormones inhalation are quite safe. They are…

How to Choose the Inhaler?

Today, medicine has made significant progress in the treatment of asthma. Over the past 50 years, in medicine, there has been a significant leap in the field of inhalation therapy. A number of effective inhalers have been developed, for the rapid and safe delivery of a medicine directly to the site of inflammation (bronchus). Direct drug delivery to the lungs also allows you to get a faster healing effect. So…

Respiratory Function

Today, let’s talk about respiratory function. Spirography is a method of recording changes in lung volume, which are registered during breathing. The very measurement of lung volumes and air streams is called spirometry, and the resulting curve is a spirogram, by which the volume of air inhaled and exhaled during each respiration cycle can be specified. Briefly, this method is called – PFT (pulmonary function test). Spirometry allows you to…

Antihistamines Preparations for Pollinosis

Antihistamines are important drugs in the treatment of allergies, including pollinosis about which we talked today. ⠀ Antihistamine drugs of the first generation The main representatives are: Dimedrol, Diazolin, Suprastin, Pipolphen, Tavegyl and others. Because of the severity of side effects, the fact that the “risk-benefit” ratio tends towards the first, these drugs are NOT the drugs of choice for the first line in either children or adults in the…

Allergy to House Dust Mites

Allergy to house dust mites is one of the most common causes of bronchial asthma. Mites of domestic dust – the inhabitants of the house, it has evolved with the course of evolution. They are harmless to us, they feed by cast-off epithelium and do not harm anything until we develop an allergy to them. In this case, allergens are their chitinous surface and products of vital activity. What should…

Pollinosis: General Aspects

Pollinosis is a group of diseases associated with pollen allergy to plants: Allergic rhinitis (a runny nose, itching, sneezing, nasal congestion); Allergic conjunctivitis (lacrimation, redness of both eyes, itching in both eyes); Urticaria; Bronchial asthma. Pollinosis can be caused by pollen of trees, meadow and weeds. Currently, trees are actively blooming, therefore, all allergic patients should start prevention and basic therapy right now. For meadow grasses, these measures should be…

Features of Asthma in Children

Asthma in children has its own characteristics. In the vast majority of cases, childhood asthma is an allergic disease, but an important feature of this disease is that exacerbations trigger infections: so-called virus-induced obstruction or virus-induced asthma. ⠀ In international documents (PRACTALL, GINA), virus-induced asthma is isolated into a separate type (or “phenotype”) of asthma, but such asthma remains an allergic disease. This allergic disease occurs on a background of…

Asthma Phenotypes

Bronchial asthma has its own characteristics in children of different ages. To help doctors and patients navigate, scientists have identified subtypes of asthma “phenotypes.” They include triggers characteristic of a given subtype – triggering factors. This classification was invented in order to correctly diagnose and plan treatment tactics in time. Infants (0-2 years). In young children, the duration of symptoms is the main criterion for the severity of the disease….

4 Types of Bronchial Obstruction

There are 4 types of bronchial obstruction, according to the international conciliation document PRACTALL (international recommendations for asthma in children). 1. Transient (rare, single) wheezing attacks. They may be observed in children during the first 2-3 years of life, but do not repeat after the age of 3. This means that the seizures are not related to the disease and are not a sign of asthma. A patient has no allergy…